In November 2018, Facebook recently came under scrutiny for failing to regulate its platform after it was used to auction a child bride in South-Sudan. In the same month, It was reported that a Norwegian man was charged for targeting more than 300 children “– most of whom were between 13 and 16 at the time of the abuse, with some as young as nine – on internet chat services and via the Snapchat messaging app.”
The above scenarios are part of the increasing dangers children face on the Internet. The widespread use of the Internet, the advancement in technology and the proliferation of Internet-enabled devices have created borderless and unlimited access to information. With the progress, come new opportunities for the exploitation, risk, and abuse of children. There is an urgent need to balance the immense benefits of technology, commercial interest and ensuring online safety of children with appropriate safeguards and strong legal and institutional framework. Further, there is a growing concern about the safety and privacy of children online. This was amongst the problems identified in a recent survey conducted by the World Wide Web Foundation in Nigeria.