Famsville Solicitors

Towards a child online privacy protection (framework) in Nigeria

In November 2018, Facebook recently came under scrutiny for failing to regulate its platform after it was used to auction a child bride in South-Sudan. In the same month, It was reported that a Norwegian man was charged for targeting more than 300 children “– most of whom were between 13 and 16 at the time of the abuse, with some as young as nine – on internet chat services and via the Snapchat messaging app.

The above scenarios are part of the increasing dangers children face on the Internet. The widespread use of the Internet, the advancement in technology and the proliferation of Internet-enabled devices have created borderless and unlimited access to information. With the progress, come new opportunities for the exploitation, risk, and abuse of children. There is an urgent need to balance the immense benefits of technology, commercial interest and ensuring online safety of children with appropriate safeguards and strong legal and institutional framework. Further, there is a growing concern about the safety and privacy of children online. This was amongst the problems identified in a recent survey conducted by the World Wide Web Foundation in Nigeria.

Privacy and Security In Nigeria’s Health-care Sector

Introduction

The increased digitalisation and rise of electronic health records (EHRs) is fast replacing the traditional paper records. In Nigeria, there remains a wide digital divide – health records are still largely recorded and stored in paper form. The adoption of healthcare technologies reliant on datafied records are growing and there is an urgent need for a stronger framework to protect the rights and freedom of Nigerians. An unlawful disclosure, illicit access or misuse of health records could reveal intimate and embarrassing details about patients that could result in infringements of individuals’ rights to privacy (intrusion), commodification of health data, blackmail and other social discrimination, which weakens the fabric of trust between healthcare providers and users.

Understanding health records, health technology and the intersection with privacy and security Medical record or health data of a patient is regarded as sensitive personal data. Sensitive personal data requires special protection and usually specifically protected by law. They reveals accurate intrinsic details about an individual’s healthcare treatment and records. Medical records contain personal data some of which include genetic data, personal statistics such as age and weight, demographics, medical diagnosis and allergies, immunization status, radiology images and medical research data.